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Who was Saltuk Alp?

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      During the early era of the Ottoman Empire, there were a few heroic warriors who contributed significantly to the establishment of the state. These heroes were the closest confidants of Ertugrul and Osman Ghazi, and would later serve as the great military commanders, local governors, and administrators of the Ottoman Beylic. And even later on, their sons and grandsons would reach preeminence in the Ottoman administration and army.   Among these early Ottoman Ghazis was a warrior named Saltuk Alp.  Saltuk Alp     Saltuk Alp was one of Ertugrul Ghazi's greatest comrades. It is known that Osman Ghazi especially trusted him during his reign. In fact, in Asikpasaoglu's works, he writes that Osman Ghazi sent Saltuk Alp as a companion in Orhan ghazi's first expeditions.     When Osman went on an expedition to the Sakarya Valley, he assigned Kose Mihal and Saltuk Alp to assist his son Orhan Ghazi in ensuring the security of the region. The Cavdarlu Tatars, who really wanted t

Who was Abdurrahman Ghazi?

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     Abdurrahman Ghazi was among Ertugrul Ghazi's most trusted, loyal alps. He was a renowned warrior who's prolonged life was spent in campaigning against enemies, and conquering vast regions. However, he had lived such a fascinating long life, that he was able to serve the Kayi Tribe for four different generations; Sulayman Shah, Ertugrul Ghazi, Osman Ghazi and Orhan Ghazi. However, what did he do during his incredibly long life to bring him to his greatness? Abdurrahman Ghazi      Abdurrahman Ghazi was an elite military commander who did great services during the establishment phase of the Ottoman Empire. Abdurrahman Ghazi was from the Kayi Tribe, the same tribe that had led to the establishment of the Ottoman Empire. He had started out his role as an alp during the reign of Sulayman Shah, and had become one of Ertugrul Ghazi's most trusted companions. Abdurrahman Ghazi was also one of just 400 families to accompany Ertugrul Ghazi to the Byzantine border, while much of

Who was Dundar Bey?

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     Dundar Bey was the son of Sulayman Shah, younger brother of Ertugrul Ghazi, and uncle of Osman Ghazi, the very founder of the Ottoman Empire. There was a time when Dundar Bey was also called Ghazi, meaning a heroic fighter who had fought against disbelievers. However, how did it happen? How would Dundar Bey possibly be the first to betray the Ottomans?   Dundar Bey      When Dundar was still a young child, his brother Ertugrul had parted ways with his older brothers, Sungurtekin and Gundugdu. However, Dundar, knowing the hardships of the path Ertugrul was to walk on, decided to join him and leave behind the rest of his tribe & family when he was still a child. Dundar was always dedicated to serving his brother Ertugrul Ghazi and devoted his whole life to serving the Kayi Tribe and his nation. He was also a brave and renowned warrior, who usually accompanied Ertugrul Ghazi and often fought with him in battle. However, despite his good intentions and pure heart, Du

Who was Osman Ghazi?

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     The year 1258 was the deadly year the Islamic world will never forget. By the command of Hulago Hun, the Abbasid was torn to pieces. The Mongols not only burnt and destroyed all the greatest books written by the greatest Islamic scholars, but also killed woman, children, young, old, anyone they found alive was immediately put to the sword. The only ones who were alive were those Christians and Jews who took refuge from them. As well as few Muslims who hid in unstable wells, forests, and barren lands, survived. However, those who could not save themselves were killed in such a way that there were streams of blood flowing in Baghdad. On the other hand, the byzantine Empire too was declining, as the Latin nights of the Fourth Crusade had taken the capital city, Constantinople. The fall of Constantinople was significant, as it had never before fell, and indicated that the fall of the Byzantines was soon to come. Then, after the battle of Kozadagh ended with victory ended with victory