Showing posts from February, 2022

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Who was Ahmad Shah Durrani?

    In the history of Afghanistan, there have been many mighty rulers and sovereigns, however, one stood out from all of them. He was a  pious, patriotic, and merciful man who had all the profound traits of an exceptional leader, and ruled his lands with justice. He not only became the hero of all Afghans but also saved Islam in the subcontinent. In this video, we will go through the chapters of the life of Ahmad Shah Durrani, the Afghan ruler who united the Afghan tribes and became the founder of modern Afghanistan, as well as the father of his nation.   Ahmad Shah Durrani      Ahmad Khan Abdali was born in Herat, in 1723. He was the son of Zaman Khan, and the grandson of Dawlat Khan. He was from the Pashtun Sadouzai Tribe, a sub tribe of the Abdali Tribe. The story starts in  1732 CE, in Farah, Afghanistan, when Ahmad Khan's older brother, Zulfiqar Khan was defeated by his enemies. Zulfiqar Khan took his younger brother Ahmad Khan with him and fled to Kandahar, where they sought

Who was Saltuk Alp?

      During the early era of the Ottoman Empire, there were a few heroic warriors who contributed significantly to the establishment of the state. These heroes were the closest confidants of Ertugrul and Osman Ghazi, and would later serve as the great military commanders, local governors, and administrators of the Ottoman Beylic. And even later on, their sons and grandsons would reach preeminence in the Ottoman administration and army.   Among these early Ottoman Ghazis was a warrior named Saltuk Alp.  Saltuk Alp     Saltuk Alp was one of Ertugrul Ghazi's greatest comrades. It is known that Osman Ghazi especially trusted him during his reign. In fact, in Asikpasaoglu's works, he writes that Osman Ghazi sent Saltuk Alp as a companion in Orhan ghazi's first expeditions.     When Osman went on an expedition to the Sakarya Valley, he assigned Kose Mihal and Saltuk Alp to assist his son Orhan Ghazi in ensuring the security of the region. The Cavdarlu Tatars, who really wanted t

Who was Bala Hatun?

    Osman Ghazi's lineage would go on to rule over a huge empire that would expand over 3 continents and last over 600 years. After hundreds of years, people are still wondering about the origins of this empire. That is why today's video is about a mother of the Ottoman Empire, Bala Hatun.  Rabia Bala Hatun     Historians have debated whether Osman Ghazi had one, two, or three wives. The reason being, in various sources, the names Rabia, Bala, and Malhun were found. According to some sources, all three names were of one person, who was the daughter of the famous scholar, Sheikh Edebali. I n the reports of Uric, Rabia is the name of the daughter of Edebali, and in those of Asikpasadaze and Nesri her name is Malhun. However, the most accurate opinion regarding this was that Rabia Bala Hatun was the name of the daughter of Sheikh Edebali and that Malhun Hatun was the name of the daughter of Omer Bey, a Turkmen Cheif.     Sources have determined that Malhun Hatun, was indeed, the f