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Who was Köse Mihal? | The Real History of Mikhael Kosses | The First Byzantine to join the Ottomans

    During the early era of the Ottoman Empire, there were many Byzantine lords and commanders that joined the ranks of the Ottomans, even converting to Islam. The first (significant one) among them being  Köse Mihal, also known as Mikhael Kosses. In this video we will go over his life, achievements, exploits, and the legacy he left behind.           Mikhael Kosses, an ethnic Greek, is believed to have been from the famous Palaiologos Dynasty, which ruled the Byzantine Empire from the years 1259 until its downfall in 1453CE, the longest a dynasty ever ruled the empire. Köse Mihal was the Byzantine governor of the Harmankaya Castle. The Harmankaya Castle was in the Uludag mountains in the foothills of Bilecik, Turkey. After taking part in a battle against Osman Ghazi, alongside the Byzantine governor of Eskisehir, he was captured and taken prisoner. However, he was forgiven by Osman for his valor and heroism.       In the following years, a trap would be set up for Osman by the neighbor

Who was Bala Hatun?

    Osman Ghazi's lineage would go on to rule over a huge empire that would expand over 3 continents and last over 600 years. After hundreds of years, people are still wondering about the origins of this empire. That is why today's video is about a mother of the Ottoman Empire, Bala Hatun. 

Rabia Bala Hatun

    Historians have debated whether Osman Ghazi had one, two, or three wives. The reason being, in various sources, the names Rabia, Bala, and Malhun were found. According to some sources, all three names were of one person, who was the daughter of the famous scholar, Sheikh Edebali. In the reports of Uric, Rabia is the name of the daughter of Edebali, and in those of Asikpasadaze and Nesri her name is Malhun. However, the most accurate opinion regarding this was that Rabia Bala Hatun was the name of the daughter of Sheikh Edebali and that Malhun Hatun was the name of the daughter of Omer Bey, a Turkmen Cheif.

    Sources have determined that Malhun Hatun, was indeed, the first wife of Osman, as they married in the year 1280, and that he had his first son, Orhan with her. After the legendary dream of Osman, Sheikh Edebali agreed to marry his daughter to him. Osman and Bala's marriage was believed to have taken place in 1289. Central Government records showed that she was gifted the entire village of Kozagac, in the district of Belicek, where the dervish lounge of her father was located. 

    In 1290, her son, Alaeddin Pasha was born. Bala Hatun passed away in 1324. She preceded her husband and would be buried with her mother and father in Belicek. 

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