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Did George Washington pay taxes to the Ottoman Empire?

    During the periods of Sultan Bayezid II and Sultan Selim I, the Ottoman Navy was expanding and employing experienced sailors . When Barbaros Hayreddin was made Grand Admiral in 1534, the Ottoman Navy would become the most dominant force in the sea, and it would change the course of Ottoman History. Outnumbering, allied Christian fleets would be indefinitely defeated, and Ottoman Sultans would be called "Sultans of the seas". Ottoman Sea warriors in North Africa ventured beyond the Mediterranean into the Atlantic. Ottoman sea power extended to the point that Britain itself was forced to pay taxes to the Ottomans. And so when America gained its independence from Britain, it was forced to do the same when all of its resisting navy ships were captured by the Ottomans. Despite all the money spent on his navy, George Washington was left with no choice but to sign a treaty in Turkish accepting all the terms of the Ottomans, including tax payments. To this day, it is the only eve

The Real History of Savci Bey

      Known for being the most mysterious of Ertugrul Ghazi's sons, who was Savci Bey? Savci Bey was the grandson of Sulyaman Shah, second son of Ertugrul Ghazi, & older brother of Osman Ghazi; the founder of the Ottoman Empire. During his lifetime, Savci was said to have been the most noteworthy advisor of Osman, playing a crucial role in the establishment of the Ottoman State. His life & legacy truly put him among the Ottoman Empire's most fascinating, early statesmen. And so, after seeing his name among the graceful children of Ertugrul Ghazi, many could not help but ask: "what do we know about the life of Savci Bey?"

Savci Bey

    Raised in the very household of Ertugrul Ghazi, Savci Bey was destined to come to greatness. From a young age, Savci was interested in the arts of science & knowledge. And so, he would grow up staying firm on the belief that great states were built through knowledge & reasoning, as oppose to swords & battles. Savci was a very commendable thinker & advisor with great intellect. So much so, that his father, Ertugrul, would appoint him as the diplomat & administrator of the Kayi Tribe. Savci Bey would continue this role even during the reign of his brother, Osman Ghazi.  

Savci becomes the Administrator of the Tribe

    Later on, Savci Bey would marry Avna Hatun, a very generous & kind hearted woman who was known for her loving personality. In fact, as a result of her extreme love & compassion towards children, Avna Hatun would even be nicknamed "Ana Sultan," meaning mother Sultan. Also, because of her kind personality, she was nicknamed "Kutlu Melik," which literally meant blessed angel. Such were the virtues of the spouse of Savci Bey, Avna Sultan. With her, Savci would have two warrior-like sons, whom would carry on the noble legacy of their forefathers. 

Savci's warrior son, Bayhoca

    Beyhoca: the young, fierce warrior who had no greater dream than accompanying his uncle Osman in battle, had a heart full of courage & valor. He was the eldest & most valiant son of Savci Bey. After him was Suleyman Bey, who would live a longer life, staying loyal to his uncle Osman & fighting for the well-being of their new state. Though, Savci Bey's family was astoundingly courageous, as they would not die peacefully, in the comfort of their deathbeds. Savci's spouse, Avna Sultan, would die battling courageously against the enemies; becoming one of the Ottoman Empires' very first martyrs, in the earliest of battles fought in Ottoman history. Furthermore, their son, Bayhoca, too, would be martyred at an extremely young age, fighting fearlessly in Inegol, during the Battle of Mount Armenia, in the year 1284 BC. In spite of having no interest in wars, martyrdom was Savci Bey's pre-destined fortune, too. He would be martyred in the first ever real Ottoman War: the fierce Battle of Ekizce, in 1287 CE, during the attack of the Byzantine Commander, Kalanoz. And so in the end, Savci Bey, too, would join both his wife, & his son in the utmost honorable triumph of martyrdom. 

    To this very day, Savci Bey's legacy has been greatly esteemed & glorified. Not only have countless poems have been written in honor of him; but also, more than 700 years after his martyrdom, during August, an annual celebration is held in memory of him at Karakoy, Istanbul. Today, he is buried at the village of Ekizce, in Domanice. Though, an honorary grave is at Sogut, along with all the other famous early Ottoman heroes. Not a day goes by in Turkey without his legacy being acknowledged.

Savci Bey's Grave in Ekizce

    The early era of Ottoman History is quiet disputed by historians; so much so, that it is considered a "black hole" in history. One of the topics that lacks authentication is Savci Bey's name. The reason being, some historians claim that Ertugrul Ghazi had four sons, while others say he had but three. The opinion that is deemed more accurate by historians is the latter. However, in the graveyard of Ertugrul Ghazi, there are two graves resembling the same son of Ertugrul Ghazi: Saru Batu | Savci Bey. Some claim that the name "Savci" was but a title that meant administrator, and Saru Batu was his actual name. Other sources have stated that they were two separate sons of Ertugrul Ghazi... Though, in Ottoman Tradition, there is no such reference to this at all, creating a near unsolvable mystery. Anyhow, what we do know about Savci Bey is that he was a valiant hero who died fighting for the salvation of his people, the creation of a great state: the Ottoman Empire.

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