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Who was Köse Mihal? | The Real History of Mikhael Kosses | The First Byzantine to join the Ottomans

    During the early era of the Ottoman Empire, there were many Byzantine lords and commanders that joined the ranks of the Ottomans, even converting to Islam. The first (significant one) among them being  Köse Mihal, also known as Mikhael Kosses. In this video we will go over his life, achievements, exploits, and the legacy he left behind.           Mikhael Kosses, an ethnic Greek, is believed to have been from the famous Palaiologos Dynasty, which ruled the Byzantine Empire from the years 1259 until its downfall in 1453CE, the longest a dynasty ever ruled the empire. Köse Mihal was the Byzantine governor of the Harmankaya Castle. The Harmankaya Castle was in the Uludag mountains in the foothills of Bilecik, Turkey. After taking part in a battle against Osman Ghazi, alongside the Byzantine governor of Eskisehir, he was captured and taken prisoner. However, he was forgiven by Osman for his valor and heroism.       In the following years, a trap would be set up for Osman by the neighbor

Who was Aydogdu bey?

    During the early era of the Ottoman Empire, there were many notable warriors & officials, whose lives were sacrificed for the creation of their state. Unfortunately, not much information remained from the astounding, early Ottoman heroes. Though, among them came a man whose bravery & valor was impressive to the point, that history remembered him during an era in which people were forgotten. He was the grandson of Ertugrul Ghazi, nephew of Osman Ghazi, & eldest son of Gunduz Alp: Aydogdu Bey.

    Aydogdu Bey's date of birth was estimated to be between 1284 and 1287, near the Byzantine border. He was personally trained by his uncle, Osman, and would grow up to become a very commendable warrior. From a very young age, Aydogdu would take part in many wars & battles along with Osman Ghazi. Osman would in turn, become so fond of his nephew, Aydogdu, that he would even send him as an ambassador to the Seljuq Sultan. The fact that such a significant duty was given to Aydogdu, who was at the time, early in his teens, just shows exactly who Aydogdu Bey was.

    In 1302, Osman & his men would fight a great battle against the Byzantine governor of Bursa, who had allied with several other Byzantine warlords, intending to put an end to the rising Ottoman State. And so, the Ottoman warriors would confront them at Koyunhisar, determined to take down their foes as soon as possible. Osman & Aydogdu would fight together, in the forefront of the battle, displaying utmost heroism and daring. Though the feats and exploits of Aydogdu Bey were unmatched, he would attain martyrdom that same battle, fighting to the death at just 17 years of age! His uncle, Osman, was very saddened by his death, though, Aydogdu Bey's legacy would be greatly honored & glorified in Ottoman history.

    After the Ottoman victory, Aydogdu Bey was buried at Dimbos Turkey. During the reign of Osman Ghazi, a tomb was built for him. Over time, Aydogdu's tomb would be seen as a visiting place, and would gain the attribute of a sacred monument. Legend has it, that painful horses would be healed upon roaming around his tomb three times. 

    And today, Aydogu Bey is known as one of the most prominent historical figures in early Ottoman History. Not only do people salute his grave in Koyunhisar & praise his martyrdom, but also, tourists from all around the world visit his honorary grave at Ertugrul Ghazi's mausoleum, in Sogut. And so, to this very day, Aydogdu Bey's legacy is respected by his people, nation, and homeland, whom he had sacrificed his life for.

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