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Who was Köse Mihal? | The Real History of Mikhael Kosses | The First Byzantine to join the Ottomans

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    During the early era of the Ottoman Empire, there were many Byzantine lords and commanders that joined the ranks of the Ottomans, even converting to Islam. The first (significant one) among them being  Köse Mihal, also known as Mikhael Kosses. In this video we will go over his life, achievements, exploits, and the legacy he left behind.           Mikhael Kosses, an ethnic Greek, is believed to have been from the famous Palaiologos Dynasty, which ruled the Byzantine Empire from the years 1259 until its downfall in 1453CE, the longest a dynasty ever ruled the empire. Köse Mihal was the Byzantine governor of the Harmankaya Castle. The Harmankaya Castle was in the Uludag mountains in the foothills of Bilecik, Turkey. After taking part in a battle against Osman Ghazi, alongside the Byzantine governor of Eskisehir, he was captured and taken prisoner. However, he was forgiven by Osman for his valor and heroism.       In the following years, a trap would be set up for Osman by the neighbor

The Chinese Emperor who tried to Erase History

    During the year 213 BC, an emperor was ruling over China that hated history so much, that he ordered all history books, old records, poems, and writings to be burnt. The only books that he permitted were those about agriculture and similar subjects that he viewed as useful. Anybody found in possession of any other types of books would be put to death immediately.



    This emperor's name was Shih Huang-ti; he was the first emperor of all China, as well as one of the greatest warriors to ever have been heard of. He was from a province called "Ch'in," and so his family inherited the name. It is likely that all of China was named after him. 

    Shih Huang-ti was the reorganizer of China, he managed to conquer all the provinces and transform pieces of land into an entire country. He ended the rule of the various princes and created a strong state. However, he thought that in order for an entirely new China to be built, it was necessary to wipe out every trace of how things were before. He wanted to start from scratch. And so, he built roads everywhere and started an enormous project: The Great Wall of China. This Great Wall would protect the townspeople from the looting and killing of the wild tribes of the Steppes. And even till this very day, after having been impeached multiple times, the wall still stands.

    Anyhow, Shih Huang-ti's reign didn't last long, as the Han family would soon rise to power. This family would most certainly not be an enemy of history. In fact, they carefully collected and preserved their ancient writings, valuing them twice as before. And it turned out, that even during Shih Huang-ti's rule, a lot of people had the courage not to burn them after all. And later in Chinese history, government officials would have to know all their ancient writings and teachings, and those with the highest marks on their exams would earn the highest posts. The rulers after Shih Huang-ti realized that if they wanted to do something new, they had to make sure they knew what the people before them tried.

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